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South Sudan Peace Agreement

The good news is that the Biden administration doesn`t need to start from scratch. The toolbox for these measures already exists. The Global Magnitsky Act, anti-money laundering measures, asset freeze and advice from the Ministry of Finance are all instruments that, if used strategically, can deter South Sudan`s leaders from continuing to block progress in implementing the peace agreement. The Indonesian representative, who stressed that more than 1.6 million people remain internally displaced and that more than one million people are affected by heavy rains and floods, stressed the critical importance of humanitarian assistance and called on the Government of South Sudan to strengthen its cooperation with UNMISS to ensure effective assistance to all those in need. The increase in intercommunal clashes is closely linked to the political impasse, in particular the implementation of the interim security agreement, he said, calling on all parties concerned, in particular UNMISS, IGAD and the African Union, to redouble their efforts to help the government strengthen dialogue and promote compromises in order to advance this stalled process. Jakarta believes that the sanctions regime should never exist as a sanction, but should facilitate the implementation of the revived peace agreement. This should remain the main element of the benchmarks. Insufficient funding for the agreement further complicates efforts. Dozens of troops, mostly opposition troops, have starved to death in townships and training grounds while waiting to join a new national army, while peacemakers in Juba have been driven out of hotels because the government is not paying their bills – $10 million is due to nine hotels.

The peace agreement between sudan`s transitional government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), a broad alliance of armed and other movements, and Minni Minawi`s Sudan Liberation Movement is not yet complete, as it did not include two other major armed movements. What may differentiate the Juba agreement is that Sudan`s transitional government with civil responsibility is striving to achieve peace, justice and democracy in accordance with the objectives of the revolution; That the agreement was negotiated between the Sudanese themselves, with a slight touch of South Sudanese mediation and reserved logistical and technical support from the international community; and that much of the negotiations took place between former comrades, in stark contrast to the confrontational atmosphere that prevailed during the Bashir era. For more than two years, South Sudanese leaders have been carrying out a delaying tactic that has hampered the implementation of the peace agreement signed in September 2018. President Salva Kiir and opposition leader Riek Machar agreed, by signing the peace agreement, to form a transitional government to prepare the country for elections. But even today, critical aspects of the agreement, such as security measures, a new legislative constitution, transitional justice and institutional reforms, are off schedule or are completely frozen.

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