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Shimla Agreement Urdu

On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla agreement are as follows: Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue has sparked great controversy after India refuted the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had asked a question about it. While the US administration is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” for “India and Pakistan,” the focus has returned to previous “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 De Simla Agreement (or Shimla), signed by then-Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries. The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time. The Summit Conference was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. He rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would involve a lasting adoption of the Kashmir division and the withdrawal of the Kashmir dispute from the United Nations.

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