Cop Paris Climate Agreement

We will only reach part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change. It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder targets as technology advances, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations. “[27] [28] Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (and non-compliance sanctions) only for developed countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the Paris Agreement incorporates greater flexibility: there is no language about the commitments countries should make, nations can voluntarily set their emissions targets (NNCs), and countries will not be punished if they fail to meet their proposed targets. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, it is necessary to reduce global annual emissions by 7.6% per year between 2020 and 2030. The four largest emitters (China, THE US, EU27 and India) have contributed more than 55% of total emissions over the past decade, while excluding emissions resulting from land-use change such as deforestation. China`s emissions increased by 1.6% in 2018 to a peak of 13.7 Gt CO2 equivalent. The United States emits 13% of global emissions and emissions increased by 2.5% in 2018. The EU emits 8.5% of global emissions has fallen by 1% per year over the last ten years. Emissions decreased by 1.3% in 2018.

7% of India`s global emissions increased by 5.5% in 2018, but its per capita emissions are one of the lowest in the G20. [100] The countries most affected by the effects of climate change will be low-lying countries, particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise, and developing countries that do not have the resources to adapt to changes in temperature and precipitation. . . .