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U.s.-Mexico Agreement

The U.S.-Mexico agreement is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which originally came into force on January 1, 1994. The agreement under consideration was the result of more than a year of negotiations including possible U.S. tariffs on Canada, in addition to the possibility of separate bilateral agreements. [20] On December 19, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the USMCA with the support of all parties by 385 votes (Democracy 193, Republican 192) to 41 (Democracy 38, Republican 2, 1). [79] On January 16, 2020, the U.S. Senate passed the trade agreement by 89 votes (Democrats 38, Republicans 51) to 10 (Democracy 8, Republican 1, Independent 1)[80] and the bill was forwarded to the White House for the signature of Donald Trump. [81] On January 29, 2020, Trump signed the agreement (Public Law No: 116-113). [82] NAFTA has been formally amended,[83] but not the 1989 Canada-U.S.

Free Trade Agreement, which is only “suspended.” [84] [85] On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107-1 votes. [89] On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada,[15] although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement. [90] Trade policy is a subject that does not necessarily come to mind when we think of the FDA. But in fact, there are two reasons why the FDA is closely following trade policy: protecting our rules and authorities and using trade agreements as a vehicle to promote public health. To facilitate the strengthening of cross-border trade, the United States has reached an agreement with Mexico and Canada to increase the value of de minimis delivery. For the first time in decades, Canada will increase its de minimis level from $20 ($15.38) to $40 ($30.77) for taxes. Canada will also offer duty-free shipments of up to 150 $US ($115.38). Mexico will continue to provide $50 de minimis exemptions and will also offer duty-free shipments of up to $117. Shipping rates to this level would be achieved with minimum formal entry procedures, which would allow more businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, to be part of cross-border trade. Canada will also allow the importer to pay taxes 90 days after the importer enters. The U.S.-Mexico-Mexico Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties.

The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. The text of the agreement is available here: ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/uniform-regulations On 10 December 2019, the three countries concluded a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons[93] and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade. [99] [100] [101] On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments.

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